Siberian Tiger vs Bengal Tiger – Size Comparison and Fight

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siberian tiger vs bengal tiger

BENGAL tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) and Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) share quite many similar characteristics besides size yet they do live in altogether different habitat conditions. Siberian tigers are bigger than the Bengal tigers and the former also seems to possess moderately dense coat for they breed in harsh cold habitats. Bengal tigers live in the Indian Subcontinent while amur tigers are found in the Russian Far East. Let us compare Siberian tiger and Bengal tiger in detail.

Siberian Tiger vs Bengal Tiger Size, Weight, Habitat, Diet, and Fight

Bengal Tiger vs Siberian Tiger Comparison Chart

Length Up to 396 cm (males)

167 to 182 cm (females)

270 to 310 cm (males)

240 to 265 cm (females)

Weight 475 to 660 lbs (males)

303 lbs (females)

397 to 569 lb (males)

220 to 350 lb (females)

Coat Color Pale dull brown in winter Bright yellow to orange
Greatest Skull Length 406 mm 376 mm
Habitat Korean pine broadleaf forests Tropical evergreen forests
Distribution Russian Far East Indian Subcontinent
Primary Diet Sika deer, amur moose Chital, sambar, nilgai
Newborn cubs’ weight 1.2 kg 1.6 kg
Threats Poaching, human hunting Poaching, habitat loss
Maximum lifespan 18 years (wild)

25 years (captivity)

15 years (wild)

25 years (captivity)

Total population 540 individuals 2,226 individuals

Siberian Tiger vs Bengal Tiger Habitat

Amur Tiger Habitat

The amur tiger likely makes home in coniferous-deciduous, Korean pine broadleaf forests, and northern boreal complex. In China the tiger’s habitat is found at an elevation of 1,600 – 2,600 feet above the sea level. A few individual however inhabit at a height of 3,000 feet. Unlike Bengal tiger’s habitat, the Siberian tiger’s home is complex.

Bengal Tiger Habitat

Unlike Siberian tigers, the Bengal tigers inhabit a variety of different habitats such as tropical moist evergreen forests, dry deciduous forests, mangroves, temperate upland forests, subtropical moist forests. They usually thrive in homes that are abundant in water and vegetation. Water and vegetation are primary characteristics of Bengal tiger’s habitat.

Siberian Tiger vs Bengal Tiger Diet

The primary diet of amur tigers consists of Manchurian wapiti, siberian roe deer, wild boar, and sika deer. Bengal tigers on the other hand feast on water buffalo, sambar, barasingha, chital serow, and wild boar. While both tigers prey on large animals they prefer smaller ones if the prey is abundant.

Siberian Tiger vs Bengal Tiger Competitors

Bengal tigers have got too many competitors including mugger crocodile, Indian jackal, Indian wolf, Asiatic black bear, and dhole.

Siberian tigers have only a few competitors namely brown bears, black bears, and wolves. They occasionally get into conflict with their competitors.

Population, Reproductive Biology and Lifespan

The female tiger produces 2 to 4 cubs and the mating season occurs all throughout the year. Bengal tigers are most likely to mate in March, March, October, and November.

The total remaining population of Bengal tiger is 1,706 to 2,226 whereas Siberian tigers are only 340 to 540 in total.

The average life expectancy of both tigers is same that is 15 to 18 years. The captive individuals may live up to 25 years.

Siberian Tiger vs Bengal Tiger – Video


I'm excited to share with you my passion for these elusive yet majestic creatures dwelling on earth. This richly illustrated work brings me close to Russia's iconic big cat, so I could explore as to how it lives and how it interacts with others of its own kind.


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