BENGAL tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) and Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) share quite many similar characteristics besides size yet they do live in altogether different habitat conditions. Siberian tigers are bigger than the Bengal tigers and the former also seems to possess moderately dense coat for they breed in harsh cold habitats. Bengal tigers live in the Indian Subcontinent while amur tigers are found in the Russian Far East. Let us compare Siberian tiger and Bengal tiger in detail.
Siberian Tiger vs Bengal Tiger Size, Weight, Habitat, Diet, and Fight
Bengal Tiger vs Siberian Tiger Comparison Chart
|SIBERIAN TIGER||BENGAL TIGER|
|Length||Up to 396 cm (males) |
167 to 182 cm (females)
|270 to 310 cm (males) |
240 to 265 cm (females)
|Weight||475 to 660 lbs (males) |
303 lbs (females)
|397 to 569 lb (males) |
220 to 350 lb (females)
|Coat Color||Pale dull brown in winter||Bright yellow to orange|
|Greatest Skull Length||406 mm||376 mm|
|Habitat||Korean pine broadleaf forests||Tropical evergreen forests|
|Distribution||Russian Far East||Indian Subcontinent|
|Primary Diet||Sika deer, amur moose||Chital, sambar, nilgai|
|Newborn cubs’ weight||1.2 kg||1.6 kg|
|Threats||Poaching, human hunting||Poaching, habitat loss|
|Maximum lifespan||18 years (wild) |
25 years (captivity)
|15 years (wild) |
25 years (captivity)
|Total population||540 individuals||2,226 individuals|
Siberian Tiger vs Bengal Tiger Habitat
Amur Tiger Habitat
The amur tiger likely makes home in coniferous-deciduous, Korean pine broadleaf forests, and northern boreal complex. In China the tiger’s habitat is found at an elevation of 1,600 – 2,600 feet above the sea level. A few individual however inhabit at a height of 3,000 feet. Unlike Bengal tiger’s habitat, the Siberian tiger’s home is complex.
Bengal Tiger Habitat
Unlike Siberian tigers, the Bengal tigers inhabit a variety of different habitats such as tropical moist evergreen forests, dry deciduous forests, mangroves, temperate upland forests, subtropical moist forests. They usually thrive in homes that are abundant in water and vegetation. Water and vegetation are primary characteristics of Bengal tiger’s habitat.
Siberian Tiger vs Bengal Tiger Diet
The primary diet of amur tigers consists of Manchurian wapiti, siberian roe deer, wild boar, and sika deer. Bengal tigers on the other hand feast on water buffalo, sambar, barasingha, chital serow, and wild boar. While both tigers prey on large animals they prefer smaller ones if the prey is abundant.
Siberian Tiger vs Bengal Tiger Competitors
Bengal tigers have got too many competitors including mugger crocodile, Indian jackal, Indian wolf, Asiatic black bear, and dhole.
Siberian tigers have only a few competitors namely brown bears, black bears, and wolves. They occasionally get into conflict with their competitors.
Population, Reproductive Biology and Lifespan
The female tiger produces 2 to 4 cubs and the mating season occurs all throughout the year. Bengal tigers are most likely to mate in March, March, October, and November.
The total remaining population of Bengal tiger is 1,706 to 2,226 whereas Siberian tigers are only 340 to 540 in total.
The average life expectancy of both tigers is same that is 15 to 18 years. The captive individuals may live up to 25 years.